Postcoital rupture that is vaginal hysterectomy presenting as generalised peritonitis

Postcoital rupture that is vaginal hysterectomy presenting as generalised peritonitis

Postcoital genital rupture is an uncommon but well documented problem of hysterectomy. Evisceration for the intestine that is small genital bleeding and pelvic discomfort are normal presenting features. We report the case that is unusual of rupture presenting with generalised peritonitis without vaginal evisceration.

Postcoital rupture that is vaginal a uncommon but well documented problem of hysterectomy. Evisceration of this little intestine is a very common presenting function and might be followed by vaginal bleeding and pain that is pelvic. These symptoms frequently happen during or right after sexual intercourse and also the diagnosis is self obvious. We report the case that is unusual of rupture presenting with generalised peritonitis without genital evisceration 4 times after sexual intercourse and 10 months after a laparoscopic hysterectomy.

Situation history

A 35-year-old woman presented into the accident and emergency division with a 4-day reputation for abdominal discomfort. The pain was generalised, progressive and colicky in nature. It had been related to anorexia, vomiting and constipation for 48 hours. She admitted to being intimately active but denied any irregular vaginal release or bleeding. At that time, neither ended up being she asked straight if the start of discomfort coincided with intercourse nor did she volunteer these details. Her previous medical background contained a laparoscopic hysterectomy ten months early in the day for dysfunctional uterine bleeding and pelvic pain, hypothyroidism and cranky bowel problem.

On assessment, the individual seemed unwell with significant discomfort that is abdominal. Initial observations revealed a temperature of 37.4єC, a systolic blood pressure levels of 121mmHg and a tachycardia of 103 beats each and every minute. Her stomach had been distended with generalised tenderness and peritonism. Rectal and examinations that are vaginal maybe not done when you look at the crisis division. Inflammatory markers were raised having a cell that is white of 15.9 x 103/µl and a C-reactive protein degree of 180mg/l. Ordinary x-rays regarding the upper body and stomach showed dilated bowel that is small and free atmosphere beneath the diaphragm latin brides at ( Fig 1 ).

Preoperative chest x-ray showing free atmosphere under the diaphragm

She had been introduced to your on-call basic doctor with peritonitis additional to a perforation of the viscus that is hollow. The on-call surgeon that is general the findings and diagnosis and proceeded to an urgent situation laparotomy. At surgery, pneumoperitoneum had been discovered with just minimal purulent contamination associated with stomach cavity. An intensive study of the belly, little bowel and colon didn’t recognize a perforation. a closer examination for the pelvis revealed a perforated stump that is vaginal localised adhesions. The stump that is vaginal ended up being closed with nonabsorbable sutures and a washout regarding the peritoneal cavity ended up being done. a drain that is pelvic kept in situ. The patient’s course that is postoperative followed by discomfort and ongoing sepsis but there is an excellent reaction to intravenous antibiotics without any further problems. On direct questioning at this time, she confirmed that her signs had started immediately after sexual activity. She was discharged house regarding the 7th postoperative time.


Rupture for the vault that is vaginal an unusual but well recognised complication of hysterectomy, separate of medical approach. It could happen throughout the very very very first postoperative act of sex, 1 within months of surgery 2 or since belated as 15 years after surgery. 3 Patients with postcoital rupture that is vaginal current in 24 hours or less associated with occasion 2 , 4 and report an immediate relationship with sexual activity. Evisceration associated with the bowel that is small pelvic discomfort and vaginal bleeding are typical features 5 , 6 and then make the diagnosis self evident.

Our instance is uncommon for a number of reasons. Firstly, there was clearly a substantial wait in presentation: The patient delivered four times after the precipitating occasion. Next, she did not volunteer details about the start of her signs coinciding using the work of sexual activity. Thirdly, she had medical findings of generalised peritonitis and never the conventional genital symptoms (evisceration of tiny bowel, bleeding). Because of this, she had been described a basic surgeon and never to a gynaecologist.

An intensive search of PubMed identified just one comparable reported situation of atypical presentation of postcoital rupture that is vaginal the findings had been of localised peritonitis just. 7 on the other hand, a thorough literary works review in 2002 posted by Ramirez and Klemer about this subject acquired 59 instances of post-hysterectomy genital evisceration during a period of over a hundred years. 6 many of these instances took place postmenopausal ladies, a tremendously patient that is different to your situation. Coitus ended up being the most typical causative element for significant genital vault traumatization into the premenopausal clients. In hindsight, a more focused inquiry and preoperative genital assessment inside our client might have revealed the diagnosis.

We now have reported this situation to emphasize vault that is vaginal as an uncommon but feasible reason behind generalised peritonitis in this subgroup of women. Where no other cause is clear, a concentrated gynaecological history and assessment should really be acquired to assist diagnosis and direct administration underneath the appropriate medical group. General surgeons should know this uncommon reason behind pneumoperitoneum and peritonitis given that preoperative diagnosis may effortlessly be missed as well as an inexperienced surgeon may even skip the diagnosis intraoperatively, ensuing in an erroneously negative laparotomy.

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